List of Governors of Maryland
|Governor of Maryland|
|Term length||Four years, renewable once, but renewable again after a 4-year respite.|
|Inaugural holder||Thomas Johnson|
|Formation||March 21, 1777|
The following is a list of the Governors of Maryland from independence to the present day. The Governor of Maryland heads the executive branch of the government of the U.S. state of Maryland and is commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor is the highest-ranking official in the state, and the constitutional powers of Maryland's Governors make them among the most powerful governors in the United States.
Since the American Revolution, Maryland has had a number of state constitutions that have specified different terms of office and methods of selection of its Governors. Under the constitution of 1776, Governors were appointed by the legislature to one year terms. An 1838 constitutional amendment allowed the direct election of Governors to three-year terms, although the Governors came from rotating election districts. The terms were lengthened to four years in the 1851 Constitution and election districts were abolished in the 1864 version.
List of Governors
|#||Portrait||Governor||Took office||Left office||Party||Notes|
|1||Thomas Johnson||March 21, 1777||November 12, 1779||Independent|
|2||Thomas Sim Lee||November 12, 1779||November 22, 1782||Federalist|
|3||William Paca||November 22, 1782||November 26, 1785||Independent|
|4||William Smallwood||November 26, 1785||November 24, 1788||Independent|
|5||John Eager Howard||November 24, 1788||November 14, 1791||Federalist|
|6||George Plater||November 14, 1791||February 10, 1792||Independent|||
|James Brice (acting)||February 13, 1792||April 5, 1792||Federalist|||
|2||Thomas Sim Lee||April 5, 1792||November 14, 1794||Federalist|
|7||John Hoskins Stone||November 14, 1794||November 17, 1797||Federalist|
|8||John Henry||November 17, 1797||November 14, 1798||Democratic-Republican|
|9||Benjamin Ogle||November 14, 1798||November 10, 1801||Federalist|
|10||John Francis Mercer||November 10, 1801||November 13, 1803||Democratic-Republican|
|11||Robert Bowie||November 15, 1803||November 10, 1806||Democratic-Republican|
|12||Robert Wright||November 12, 1806||June 9, 1809||Democratic-Republican|||
|13||Edward Lloyd||June 9, 1809||November 16, 1811||Democratic-Republican|||
|11||Robert Bowie||November 16, 1811||November 25, 1812||Democratic-Republican|
|14||Levin Winder||November 25, 1812||January 2, 1816||Federalist|
|15||Charles Carnan Ridgely||January 2, 1816||January 8, 1819||Federalist|
|16||Charles Goldsborough||January 8, 1819||December 20, 1819||Federalist|
|17||Samuel Sprigg||December 20, 1819||December 16, 1822||Democratic-Republican|
|18||Samuel Stevens, Jr.||December 16, 1822||January 9, 1826||Democratic-Republican|
|19||Joseph Kent||January 9, 1826||January 15, 1829||Democratic-Republican|
|20||Daniel Martin||January 15, 1829||January 15, 1830||National Republican|
|21||Thomas King Carroll||January 15, 1830||January 13, 1831||Democratic|
|20||Daniel Martin||January 13, 1831||July 11, 1831||National Republican|||
|22||George Howard||July 11, 1831||January 17, 1833||National Republican|||
|23||James Thomas||January 17, 1833||January 14, 1836||Whig|
|24||Thomas W. Veazey||January 14, 1836||January 7, 1839||Whig|
|25||William Grason||January 7, 1839||January 3, 1842||Democratic|
|26||Francis Thomas||January 3, 1842||January 6, 1845||Democratic|
|27||Thomas Pratt||January 6, 1845||January 3, 1848||Whig|
|28||Philip F. Thomas||January 3, 1848||January 6, 1851||Democratic|
|29||Enoch Louis Lowe||January 6, 1851||January 11, 1854||Democratic|
|30||Thomas W. Ligon||January 11, 1854||January 13, 1858||Democratic|
|31||Thomas H. Hicks||January 13, 1858||January 8, 1862||American; later Republican|
|32||Augustus Bradford||January 8, 1862||January 10, 1866||National Unionist; later Democratic|
|33||Thomas Swann||January 10, 1866||January 13, 1869||Democratic|||
|34||Oden Bowie||January 13, 1869||January 10, 1872||Democratic|
|35||William Pinkney Whyte||January 10, 1872||March 4, 1874||Democratic|||
|36||James B. Groome||March 4, 1874||January 12, 1876||Democratic|||
|37||John Lee Carroll||January 12, 1876||January 14, 1880||Democratic|
|38||William T. Hamilton||January 14, 1880||January 9, 1884||Democratic|
|39||Robert Milligan McLane||January 9, 1884||March 27, 1885||Democratic|||
|40||Henry Lloyd||March 27, 1885||January 11, 1888||Democratic|||
|41||Elihu Emory Jackson||January 11, 1888||January 13, 1892||Democratic|
|42||Frank Brown||January 13, 1892||January 8, 1896||Democratic|
|43||Lloyd Lowndes, Jr.||January 8, 1896||January 10, 1900||Republican|
|44||John Walter Smith||January 10, 1900||January 13, 1904||Democratic|
|45||Edwin Warfield||January 13, 1904||January 8, 1908||Democratic|
|46||Austin Lane Crothers||January 8, 1908||January 10, 1912||Democratic|
|47||Phillips Lee Goldsborough||January 10, 1912||January 12, 1916||Republican|
|48||Emerson C. Harrington||January 12, 1916||January 14, 1920||Democratic|
|49||Albert C. Ritchie||January 14, 1920||January 9, 1935||Democratic|
|50||Harry W. Nice||January 9, 1935||January 11, 1939||Republican|
|51||Herbert R. O'Conor||January 11, 1939||January 3, 1947||Democratic|||
|52||William Preston Lane, Jr.||January 3, 1947||January 10, 1951||Democratic|||
|53||Theodore R. McKeldin||January 10, 1951||January 14, 1959||Republican|
|54||J. Millard Tawes||January 14, 1959||January 25, 1967||Democratic|
|55||Spiro Agnew||January 25, 1967||January 7, 1969||Republican|||
|56||Marvin Mandel||January 7, 1969||January 17, 1979||Democratic|||
|Blair Lee III (acting)||June 4, 1977||January 15, 1979||Democratic|||
|57||Harry R. Hughes||January 17, 1979||January 20, 1987||Democratic|
|58||William Donald Schaefer||January 20, 1987||January 18, 1995||Democratic|
|59||Parris N. Glendening||January 18, 1995||January 15, 2003||Democratic|
|60||Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr.||January 15, 2003||January 17, 2007||Republican|
|61||Martin J. O'Malley||January 17, 2007||January 21, 2015||Democratic|
|62||Lawrence J. Hogan, Jr.||January 21, 2015||Incumbent||Republican|
Other high offices held
- * Denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.
This is a table of congressional, confederate and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Maryland except where noted.
Living former U.S. governors of Maryland
As of January 2017[update], four former U.S. governors of Maryland are currently living, the oldest being Harry Hughes (1979â1987, born 1926). The most recent U.S. governor of Maryland to die was Marvin Mandel (served 1969â1979, born 1920), on August 30, 2015. The most recently serving governor to die was William Donald Schaefer (served 1987â1995, born 1921) on April 18, 2011.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Date of birth (and age)|
|Harry R. Hughes||1979â1987||November 13, 1926|
|Parris N. Glendening||1995â2003||June 11, 1942|
|Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr.||2003â2007||November 25, 1957|
|Martin O'Malley||2007â2015||January 18, 1963|
- "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "Maryland Governor - Origin & Functions". Maryland Manual Online. Retrieved 2007-06-24.
- Prah, Pamela (March 9, 2007). "Massachusetts gov rated most powerful". Stateline.Org. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
- Died in office.
- As senior member of the Governor's Council, was appointed by state legislature to fill term until replacement elected.
- Resigned to pursue a judgeship, but failed to obtain the appointment.
- Appointed by legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
- As president of the executive council, filled unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
- Elected to the United States Senate but declined his seat, preferring to remain governor.
- Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
- Appointed by legislature to fill unexpired term.
- Resigned to take post as Minister to France.
- Appointed by the legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
- Took office five days early when the General Assembly chose him to complete the last days of his predecessor's term. White, Jr., Frank F. (22 June 2003). "William Preston Lane, Jr.". Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series). Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 20 December 2009.
- Resigned to take elected office as Vice President of the United States.
- Chosen by the General Assembly to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
- Blair Lee III acted as governor in place of Marvin Mandel after Mandel bestowed his powers and duties on Lee following both a stroke, and a conviction on charges of corruption. Mandel rescinded his decision shortly before the expiration of his second term. Mandel served 19 months in prison before the sentence was commuted by President Ronald Reagan; the conviction was later overturned.