List of Governors of Maryland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Governor of Maryland
Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg
Flag of Maryland.svg
Larry-Hogan.JPG
Incumbent
Larry Hogan

since January 21, 2015
Style Honorable
Residence Government House
Term length Four years, renewable once, but renewable again after a 4-year respite.
Inaugural holder Thomas Johnson
Formation March 21, 1777
Salary $150,000 (2013)[1]
Website Official website

The following is a list of the Governors of Maryland from independence to the present day. The Governor of Maryland heads the executive branch of the government of the U.S. state of Maryland and is commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[2] The governor is the highest-ranking official in the state, and the constitutional powers of Maryland's Governors make them among the most powerful governors in the United States.[3]

Since the American Revolution, Maryland has had a number of state constitutions that have specified different terms of office and methods of selection of its Governors. Under the constitution of 1776, Governors were appointed by the legislature to one year terms. An 1838 constitutional amendment allowed the direct election of Governors to three-year terms, although the Governors came from rotating election districts. The terms were lengthened to four years in the 1851 Constitution and election districts were abolished in the 1864 version.[2]

List of Governors[edit]

Parties

  American (1)   Democratic (27)   Democratic-Republican (11)   Federalist (9)   Independent (6)   National Republican (2)   National Union (1)   Republican (7)   Whig (3)

# Portrait Governor Took office Left office Party Notes
1 Johnson   Thomas Johnson March 21, 1777 November 12, 1779 Independent
2   Thomas Sim Lee November 12, 1779 November 22, 1782 Federalist
3 Paca   William Paca November 22, 1782 November 26, 1785 Independent
4 Smallwood   William Smallwood November 26, 1785 November 24, 1788 Independent
5 Howard   John Eager Howard November 24, 1788 November 14, 1791 Federalist
6 Plater   George Plater November 14, 1791 February 10, 1792 Independent [4]
  James Brice (acting) February 13, 1792 April 5, 1792 Federalist [5]
2   Thomas Sim Lee April 5, 1792 November 14, 1794 Federalist
7 Stone   John Hoskins Stone November 14, 1794 November 17, 1797 Federalist
8   John Henry November 17, 1797 November 14, 1798 Democratic-Republican
9 Ogle   Benjamin Ogle November 14, 1798 November 10, 1801 Federalist
10 Mercer   John Francis Mercer November 10, 1801 November 13, 1803 Democratic-Republican
11 Bowie   Robert Bowie November 15, 1803 November 10, 1806 Democratic-Republican
12 Wright   Robert Wright November 12, 1806 June 9, 1809 Democratic-Republican [6]
13 Lloyd   Edward Lloyd June 9, 1809 November 16, 1811 Democratic-Republican [7]
11 Bowie   Robert Bowie November 16, 1811 November 25, 1812 Democratic-Republican
14 Winder   Levin Winder November 25, 1812 January 2, 1816 Federalist
15 Ridgely   Charles Carnan Ridgely January 2, 1816 January 8, 1819 Federalist
16 Goldsborough   Charles Goldsborough January 8, 1819 December 20, 1819 Federalist
17 Sprigg   Samuel Sprigg December 20, 1819 December 16, 1822 Democratic-Republican
18 Stevens   Samuel Stevens, Jr. December 16, 1822 January 9, 1826 Democratic-Republican
19 Kent   Joseph Kent January 9, 1826 January 15, 1829 Democratic-Republican
20   Daniel Martin January 15, 1829 January 15, 1830 National Republican
21 Carroll   Thomas King Carroll January 15, 1830 January 13, 1831 Democratic
20   Daniel Martin January 13, 1831 July 11, 1831 National Republican [4]
22 Howard   George Howard July 11, 1831 January 17, 1833 National Republican [8]
23 Thomas   James Thomas January 17, 1833 January 14, 1836 Whig
24 Veazey   Thomas W. Veazey January 14, 1836 January 7, 1839 Whig
25 Grason   William Grason January 7, 1839 January 3, 1842 Democratic
26 Thomas   Francis Thomas January 3, 1842 January 6, 1845 Democratic
27 Pratt   Thomas Pratt January 6, 1845 January 3, 1848 Whig
28 Thomas   Philip F. Thomas January 3, 1848 January 6, 1851 Democratic
29 Lowe   Enoch Louis Lowe January 6, 1851 January 11, 1854 Democratic
30 Ligon   Thomas W. Ligon January 11, 1854 January 13, 1858 Democratic
31 Hicks   Thomas H. Hicks January 13, 1858 January 8, 1862 American; later Republican
32 Bradford   Augustus Bradford January 8, 1862 January 10, 1866 National Unionist; later Democratic
33 Swann   Thomas Swann January 10, 1866 January 13, 1869 Democratic [9]
34 Bowie   Oden Bowie January 13, 1869 January 10, 1872 Democratic
35 Whyte   William Pinkney Whyte January 10, 1872 March 4, 1874 Democratic [10]
36 Groome   James B. Groome March 4, 1874 January 12, 1876 Democratic [11]
37 Carroll   John Lee Carroll January 12, 1876 January 14, 1880 Democratic
38 Hamilton   William T. Hamilton January 14, 1880 January 9, 1884 Democratic
39 McClane   Robert Milligan McLane January 9, 1884 March 27, 1885 Democratic [12]
40 Lloyd   Henry Lloyd March 27, 1885 January 11, 1888 Democratic [13]
41 Jackson   Elihu Emory Jackson January 11, 1888 January 13, 1892 Democratic
42 Brown   Frank Brown January 13, 1892 January 8, 1896 Democratic
43 Lowndes   Lloyd Lowndes, Jr. January 8, 1896 January 10, 1900 Republican
44 Smith   John Walter Smith January 10, 1900 January 13, 1904 Democratic
45 Warfield   Edwin Warfield January 13, 1904 January 8, 1908 Democratic
46 Crothers   Austin Lane Crothers January 8, 1908 January 10, 1912 Democratic
47 Goldsborough   Phillips Lee Goldsborough January 10, 1912 January 12, 1916 Republican
48 Harrington   Emerson C. Harrington January 12, 1916 January 14, 1920 Democratic
49 Ritchie   Albert C. Ritchie January 14, 1920 January 9, 1935 Democratic
50 Nice   Harry W. Nice January 9, 1935 January 11, 1939 Republican
51 O'Conor   Herbert R. O'Conor January 11, 1939 January 3, 1947 Democratic [10]
52 Lane   William Preston Lane, Jr. January 3, 1947 January 10, 1951 Democratic [14]
53 McKeldin   Theodore R. McKeldin January 10, 1951 January 14, 1959 Republican
54 Tawes   J. Millard Tawes January 14, 1959 January 25, 1967 Democratic
55 Agnew   Spiro Agnew January 25, 1967 January 7, 1969 Republican [15]
56 Mandel   Marvin Mandel January 7, 1969 January 17, 1979 Democratic [16]
Lee III   Blair Lee III (acting) June 4, 1977 January 15, 1979 Democratic [17]
57 Hughes   Harry R. Hughes January 17, 1979 January 20, 1987 Democratic
58 Schaefer   William Donald Schaefer January 20, 1987 January 18, 1995 Democratic
59 Glendening   Parris N. Glendening January 18, 1995 January 15, 2003 Democratic
60 Ehrlich   Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr. January 15, 2003 January 17, 2007 Republican
61 O'Malley   Martin J. O'Malley January 17, 2007 January 21, 2015 Democratic
62 Hogan   Lawrence J. Hogan, Jr. January 21, 2015 Incumbent Republican

Other high offices held[edit]

* Denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

This is a table of congressional, confederate and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Maryland except where noted.

Governor Gubernatorial term U.S. Congress Other offices held
House Senate
Thomas Johnson 1777–1779 Delegate to the First Continental Congress, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Thomas Sim Lee 1779–1782 Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation (1781-1789), "United States in Congress Assembled"
William Paca 1782–1785 Delegate to the First Continental Congress, (1774)
John E. Howard 1788–1791 S President pro tempore of the U.S. Senate
George Plater 1791–1792 Delegate to the Second Continental Congress, (1775-1781)
John Henry 1797–1798 S Delegate to the Second Continental Congress,(1775-1781); Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation, (1781-1789)
John Francis Mercer 1801–1803 H
Robert Wright 1806–1809 H S
Edward Lloyd 1809–1811 H S
Charles Goldsborough 1819 H
Joseph Kent 1826–1829 H S
Francis Thomas 1842–1845 H
Thomas Pratt 1845–1848 S
Philip Thomas 1848–1851 H S U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Thomas W. Ligon 1854–1858 H
Thomas H. Hicks 1858–1862 S
Thomas Swann 1866–1869 H
William Pinkney Whyte 1872–1874 S*
James B. Groome 1874–1876 S
William T. Hamilton 1880–1884 H S
Robert Milligan McLane 1884–1885 H Ambassador to the Great Qing Empire,[Manchu dynasty], (Chinese Empire), U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, U.S. Ambassador to France*
Lloyd Lowndes, Jr. 1896–1900 H
John Walter Smith 1900–1904 H S
Phillips Lee Goldsborough 1912–1916 S
Herbert R. O'Conor 1939–1947 S*
Spiro T. Agnew 1967–1969 3rd Baltimore County Executive, (1962-1966); 39th Vice President of the United States, (1969-1973)*
Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr. 2003–2007 H Representative, Maryland's 2nd congressional district

Living former U.S. governors of Maryland[edit]

As of August 2015, four former U.S. governors of Maryland are currently living, the oldest being Harry Hughes (1979–1987, born 1926). The most recent U.S. governor of Maryland to die was Marvin Mandel (served 1969–1979, born 1920), on August 30, 2015. The most recently serving governor to die was William Donald Schaefer (served 1987–1995, born 1921) on April 18, 2011.

Governor Gubernatorial term Date of birth (and age)
Harry R. Hughes 1979–1987 (1926-11-13) November 13, 1926 (age 90)
Parris N. Glendening 1995–2003 (1942-06-11) June 11, 1942 (age 74)
Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr. 2003–2007 (1957-11-25) November 25, 1957 (age 59)
Martin O'Malley 2007–2015 (1963-01-18) January 18, 1963 (age 53)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Maryland Governor - Origin & Functions". Maryland Manual Online. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 
  3. ^ Prah, Pamela (March 9, 2007). "Massachusetts gov rated most powerful". Stateline.Org. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b Died in office.
  5. ^ As senior member of the Governor's Council, was appointed by state legislature to fill term until replacement elected.
  6. ^ Resigned to pursue a judgeship, but failed to obtain the appointment.
  7. ^ Appointed by legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  8. ^ As president of the executive council, filled unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  9. ^ Elected to the United States Senate but declined his seat, preferring to remain governor.
  10. ^ a b Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  11. ^ Appointed by legislature to fill unexpired term.
  12. ^ Resigned to take post as Minister to France.
  13. ^ Appointed by the legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  14. ^ Took office five days early when the General Assembly chose him to complete the last days of his predecessor's term. White, Jr., Frank F. (22 June 2003). "William Preston Lane, Jr.". Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series). Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  15. ^ Resigned to take elected office as Vice President of the United States.
  16. ^ Chosen by the General Assembly to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  17. ^ Blair Lee III acted as governor in place of Marvin Mandel after Mandel bestowed his powers and duties on Lee following both a stroke, and a conviction on charges of corruption. Mandel rescinded his decision shortly before the expiration of his second term. Mandel served 19 months in prison before the sentence was commuted by President Ronald Reagan; the conviction was later overturned.